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宏观视角下濒海山岳宫观园林选址与 “仙境”因子相关性研究——以胶东半岛 为例
尹航,张超,赵鸣
0
作者简介:
摘要:
胶东半岛三面环海,为道家思想的重要发源地。沿 海的气候特征和特殊的海洋气象,使半岛山岳的自然环境充满 “仙境”氛围,成为道家诸多道派修建宫观的佳地。半岛宫观 园林的建造,倾向于“仙境”景象突出之地。在宏观视角下, 将半岛“仙境”因子归纳为“山、海、云、雾、岛、海市”。 通过田野调查与学科交叉研究发现,宫观园林选址与“仙境” 各因子的相关性由高到低依次为“海、山、雾、云、岛(海 市)”,且核心宫观与各因子相关性均较强。发掘了宏观视角 下胶东半岛山岳宫观园林选址的潜在规律,并为道家宫观“仙 境”的解读提供新的视角,亦可为其他地区宫观园林的布局研 究和山岳道家文化景观规划提供借鉴。
关键词:  风景园林  胶东半岛  濒海山岳  宫观园林  仙 境  地理信息系统
DOI:
基金项目:
Correlation of "Wonderland" Factors and Taoist Temples Location in Coastal Mountain Area from the Macro Perspective—A Case Study of Jiaodong Peninsula
YIN Hang,ZHANG Chao,ZHAO Ming
Abstract:
Jiaodong Peninsula, with its three-sided sea location, has been an important birthplace of Taoism. The coastal climate characteristics and special marine weather make the natural environment of mountain area in Jiaodong Peninsula full of "wonderland" atmosphere, thus becoming an ideal place for many Taoist factions to build temples. The location of Taoist temple tends to be the place where the scene of "wonderland" is prominent. From the macro perspective, the factors of "wonderland" in Jiaodong Peninsula can be summarized as "mountain, sea, cloud, fog, island and mirage". Through fieldwork and interdisciplinary research, it is found that the correlation order between the location of Taoist temples and the factors of "wonderland" is "sea, mountain, fog, cloud, and island (mirage)", and the core temples have a strong correlation with each factor. This study explores the potential law of the macro-location of mountain Taoist temples in Jiaodong Peninsula, and provides a new perspective for the interpretation of Taoist temple wonderland, as well as a reference for the study of the layout of Taoist temples and the planning of mountain Taoist cultural landscape in other regions.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Jiaodong Peninsula  coastal mountain  Taoist temple  wonderland  GIS

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