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中国古代“城-山”风景的文化意象、 空间秩序与景致营建研究
毛华松,汤思琦,傅俊杰
0
作者简介:
摘要:
中国古代城市在基于城内外山系的择址和塑形过程 中,形成了围绕“城-山”关系的特定审美意象、空间模式和 营景经验,是中国人居环境“人与自然”内在关联的关键基因 之一。结合文献史料整理,梳理了与城、山紧密相关的仙境、 礼制、风水文化意象,总结了礼制求中、风水象形与仙境三山 3类城市择址模式,以及中轴立向、经纬引秀、裁成增秀3种 “城-山”塑形经验。探讨了楼阁布局与天际线、园林类型与 社会秩序、山景游赏与交通设施的“城-山”景致营建,并分 析了其对可望、可居、可游“城中园,园中城”的支撑作用。 研究结果对于补充中国城市风景营建的历史理论、丰富城市风 景重构的实践经验具有积极意义
关键词:  风景园林  山水城市  “城-山”风景  文化意象  空间秩序
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on the Cultural Image, Spatial Order and Landscape Construction of Ancient Chinese "City mountain" Landscape
MAO Huasong,TANG Siqi,FU Junjie
Abstract:
In the process of site selection and shaping based on the mountain system inside and outside the city, ancient Chinese cities formed specific aesthetic images, spatial patterns and landscape experience around the "city-mountain" relationship, which is one of the key genes of the internal relationship between "man and nature" in China's human settlements. Combined with the collation of documents and historical materials, this paper sorts out the fairyland, ritual system and Feng Shui (geomancy) cultural images closely related to the city and mountain. Three types of urban location selection modes are summarized, such as seeking the middle, Feng Shui hieroglyphs, and the three mountains of fairyland. At the same time, it sums up three kinds of "city-mountain" shaping experience, namely, guiding the city direction by the urban axis, absorbing the beauty of mountain by the road, and adding beauty by cropping. This paper discusses the "city-mountain" landscape construction of pavilion layout and skyline, garden type and social order, mountain scenery sightseeing and transportation facilities construction, and analyzes its supporting role in "garden in city, garden in city" which is viewable, habitable and touring-friendly. The research has positive significance to supplement the historical theory of urban landscape construction in China and enrich the practical experience of urban landscape reconstruction.
Key words:  landscape architecture  landscape city  "city-mountain" landscape  cultural image  spatial order

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