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古代南疆地区城市历史景观的演化 特征解析
孙应魁,翟斌庆*
0
作者简介:
摘要:
在城市历史景观演化理念视角下,以新疆南疆地区 的古代城市遗址为研究对象,通过考古发掘资料和相关文献归 纳其历史层积特征,从区域范围内对汉代以前至明清时期南疆 古城遗迹的整体格局、组团簇群、经济方式和中心地标层面进 行考古学辨析梳理,进而分析古城历史遗址表征信息背后蕴藏 的聚居景观演化特征,研究结果如下:1)聚居形态:单垣型 →双垣型→混合型;2)古城选址:山谷盆地→山前绿洲→边 缘绿洲;3)典
关键词:  风景园林  南疆地区  古城遗址  聚居景观  历史 演化
DOI:
基金项目:
Analysis of Evolution Characteristics of Urban Historical Landscape in Ancient Southern Xinjiang
SUN Yingkui,ZHAI Binqing
Abstract:
From the perspective of the concept of urban historical landscape, the ancient city sites in southern Xinjiang are taken as the research objects, and the historical stratification characteristics are summarized through archaeological excavations and related documents, from the regional scope to the typical southern Xinjiang from before the Han Dynasty to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The overall pattern of the ancient city landscape, clusters, street traffic, and central landmark stratified carriers are analyzed and interpreted, and then the evolutionary characteristics behind the historical landscape representation information of the ancient city are analyzed. Research results: 1) Settlement form: single wall type→double wall type→mixed type; 2) Site selection of ancient city: valley basin→piedmont oasis→marginal oasis; 3) Typical landmark: With central space, without obvious entity→unified command →multiple balance.
Key words:  landscape architecture  southern Xinjiang  city ruins  residential landscape  historical evolution

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