|关键词: 风景园林 成都万佛寺 《南朝双观音造像碑》 魏晋南北朝 佛寺园林
|Study on the Budhhist Temple Garden in On the Erection of Southern Dynasties Dual Avalokiteśvara Figure Stele Unearthed in Chendu
|LIN Yuan,WEI Qi
|Although celebrated as a crucial chapter in the history of
Chinese Buddhism, the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties
left present-day researchers little graphical evidence on the Buddhist
temple gardens built in that era. However, an integral and clear
depiction of an example, hence invaluable, was provided by On the
Erection of Southern Dynasties Dual Avalokite?vara Figure stele,
unearthed from the site of Wanfo Temple in Chendu, on its back.
This essay delivered some reconstructive research on this example,
which revealed architectural and gardening features including the
temple's surrounding, layout and edifices as well as the garden's
mounds, water courses and vegetation. For example, there may be
a ditch, a bridge and lotus at the entrance to the temple; the main
buildings are usually concentrated in the front yard; the planting
design is full of layers and is used to create the focal point of the
landscape, there may be mountain forest at the rear of the yard.
These features shows that the example not only bears certain shared
characteristics with imperial and scholar-official gardening but also
manifests uniqueness in its own right.
|Key words: landscape architecture Wanfo Temple in Chengdu On
the Erection of Southern Dynasties Dual Avalokiteśvara Figure stele Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties Buddhist temple garden