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基于游憩空间理论的动物主题公园 设计方法探究——以成都大熊猫繁育 研究基地改扩建项目为例
丁玮,王怡晨,王焱宁,郑科,王欣
0
()
摘要:
借成都大熊猫繁育研究基地改扩建项目,深入探索 以动物为主题的城市游憩空间设计过程,研究以保护动物自然 行为为核心、以提升游憩体验度为目标的设计原则,旨在从规 划设计层面形成可参考的同类动物主题公园的设计依据。从现 有的游憩空间理论入手,将设计内容解构为空间基底、观赏 方式、馆舍布局及游线设计4个层面,通过文献研究、案例分 析、专家访谈、场景构建等方法,以游憩空间理论为基础,基 于动物的自然生境和行为需求,以拟达到的游憩体验为目标, 构建符合动物生境和游客需求的主题游览场景。经过项目实 践,改扩建后的大熊猫基地不仅尊重了动物的自然行为,而且 提升了游客的游览体验,得到了动物保护专家和公园运营部门 的认可。基于研究成果,形成理论研究框架,以期为同类动物 主题公园及其他类型主题公园的规划设计提供参考。
关键词:  风景园林  游憩空间  动物主题公园  观赏方式  馆舍布局  游线组织  信息传播
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on Methodology of Animal Theme Park Design Based on Recreational Space Theory—Taking the Optimization Design of Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding as an Example
DING Wei,WANG Yichen,WANG Yanning,ZHENG Ke,WANG Xin
()
Abstract:
Taking the design of Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, the paper analyzes the design process of the animal theme park, which has a core of protecting animal natural behavior and aims to promote tourists' experience. Meanwhile, it provides a reference for planning design of the similar kind of theme parks. The paper starts with the theory of recreational space, and divides the design process of the park into four parts: space basement, display mode, venue allocation, and touring route. The study bases on the natural habitat and needs of animals, takes the scene presenting to tourists as a goal, and builds a themed sightseeing experience satisfying the needs of both animals and tourists. The project has successfully proved the frame of design methods is seasonable, which was recognized by the research base and animal specialists. This research can provide a method of planning and design such an animal them park.
Key words:  landscape architecture  recreational space  animal theme park  display mode  venue allocation  touring route  information communication

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