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明末莆田“岸圃”平面复原探析
陈意微,黄晓燕
0
()
摘要:
明末兴化府莆田县进士彭汝楠之私园“岸圃”为当 时闽中地区首屈一指的名园,是“文献名邦”莆田在造园史 上的骄人成就。此园在营造艺术上具有鲜明的时代特征和地 域特色,具有重要的历史与艺术价值,然而目前尚未发现此 园的营造艺术研究成果。通过研读明末拓本《岸圃大观》图 记、《岸圃十二首》及莆田古地图等史料,采用图景互证、 图像互证、图文互证的方法考证园林整体方位,推敲园林空 间结构,辨析园景细节,作出园林平面复原图。以此为基 础,进一步对岸圃的选址、造园过程、园林布局等方面的营 造特点进行分析,从而对这一具有重要价值的明末福建园林 作出初步探索。
关键词:  风景园林  福建园林  岸圃  平面复原  营造特点
DOI:
基金项目:
Layout Recovery and Analysis of Anpu Garden of Putian in Late Ming Dynasty
CHEN Yiwei,HUANG Xiaoyan
()
Abstract:
Anpu Garden is the most well-known garden in Fujian Province. It was built by Peng Runan, a literati in Putian County in the late Ming Dynasty. Although this garden has important historical and artistic value in terms of gardening art, it has not yet received scholarly attention. In this paper, the authors first analyze several kinds of historical materials, such as The Pictures of Anpu Grand Sight, Twelve Garden Poems of Anpu Garden and other historical maps of Putian. Then the authors draw the recovery layout of the garden based on the method of image-view, image-image, and image-text mutual certification which clarifies the garden spatial relation and the details of scenic spots. Based on the conjectured plan, this article analyzes the gardening characteristics, such as site selection, gardening process, layout composition. It thus makes a preliminary exploration of this valuable garden in Fujian Province in the late Ming Dynasty.
Key words:  landscape architecture  gardens in Fujian Province  Anpu  layout recovery  gardening characteristics

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