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风土与风景——通态性逻辑下活态历史文化 不在场的在场演绎
刘晓琳,杨豪中*
0
作者简介:
摘要:
风土并非单纯的自然环境风貌,而是人文的风土, 是在活态历史时间和地域空间嬗变中的风土。风景的探讨无法 回避对风土的思考,风景(或总体的风土)是“通态的”,而非 束缚于二元论中的主观或客观的。通过对世界风景观念最初的 起源——中国风景思想的追溯,以及边留久在《风景文化》一 书中对其出现的6个标准展开的思考,以期揭示抽象的历史文 脉在时空变迁中对现代风景的潜在动态效应,引导人们更好地 理解风土与风景的内涵,进而认知真我。当下地域文化在全球 化挑战下,面临着被同质甚至湮灭的危境。亟待保护传承的不 仅仅是现实的风景遗产,更是活态历史积淀下,族群集体人格 的文化伊甸园的呈现及延续。
关键词:  风景园林  风土  通态性  活态历史文化  集体 人格  遗产保护
DOI:
基金项目:
Landscape and Milieu—Illustrating the VanishedDynamic Historical Cultures in the Mediance
LIU Xiaolin,YANG Haozhong
Abstract:
Milieu not only refers to a natural land image but also refers to its humanity, which lives in the process of transformation between historical time and space. The exploration of the landscape cannot avoid its milieu. The landscape is in the mediance, rather than being subjective or objective in dualism. Through researching the origin of the world landscape concept and tracing back its Chinese ideology and thinking about six criteria mentioned in Thinking through Landscape written by Augustin Bernie. Abstract historical context will give the landscape the dynamic effect under the change of time and space, which will guide people to better understand its connotation and recognize the true self. Nowadays the regional culture, under the challenge of globalization, is facing the danger of homogeneity and even extinction. What we need to protect and inherit is not only the real landscape heritage, but more importantly, the presentation and continuation of cultural Eden to the collective personality of ethnic groups under the historical accumulation.
Key words:  landscape architecture  milieu  mediance  dynamic historical culture  collective personality  heritage conservation

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