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要求-需求-追求:响应新形势新变化的 风景园林专业学位教育发展探索
张云路,李雄*
0
作者简介:
摘要:
2022年9月在教育部新发布的《研究生教育学科专业目录(2022年)》中,风景园林学科转为专业学位,并将其专业学位类别上升到博士层次。面对新形势和新变化,风景园林专业学位教育发展迎来了新的机遇。围绕国家战略和社会经济发展的需求,丰富和完善风景园林专业学科教育体系,高质量地培养出满足风景园林行业需求、富有实践创新思维的高层次人才是时代所需和人民所向。以“要求-需求-追求”为线索,对风景园林专业学位教育的未来发展要求、目标、方向进行探索,提出了新时代风景园林专业学位教育发展应呼应深化高等教育学科专业体系改革调整要求、响应生态文明建设和城乡人居绿色发展需求、实现新时代风景园林专业学位内涵式发展追求的三大核心内容,并希望通过“提高站位、问题导向、质量优先、响应变革、产教融合、制度探索”建设具有中国特色的风景园林专业学位教育体系,持续推动风景园林专业学位教育的全面健康发展。
关键词:  风景园林  专业学位  高等教育  学科发展
DOI:
基金项目:
Requirement-Demand-Pursuit: Exploring the Development of Landscape Architecture Professional Degree Education in Response to the New Situation and New Changes
ZHANG Yunlu,LI Xiong
Abstract:
In September 2022, the Ministry of Education released the Catalogue of Disciplines and Specialties in Postgraduate Education (2022), the professional degree of landscape architecture was converted and its professional degree category was raised to the doctoral level. Facing the new situation and new changes, the development of professional landscape architecture degree education has ushered in new opportunities. It is the need of the times and the direction of the discipline to enrich and improve the education system of landscape architecture professional disciplines around the needs of national strategies and social and economic development, and to cultivate high-level talents with practical and innovative thinking to meet the needs of landscape architecture industry with high quality. This paper explores the requirements, goals and directions of the future development of landscape architecture professional degree education with "requirement-demand-pursuit" as the clue, and proposes that the development of landscape architecture professional degree education in the new era should echo the reform of the discipline system of higher education, respond to the needs of ecological civilization construction and green development of urban and rural habitats, and realize the connotation-oriented landscape architecture professional education in the new era. The three core elements of the pursuit of the connotative development of landscape architecture in the new era are proposed, and it is hoped that through "raising the status, issue-oriented, quality first, response to change, integration of industry and education, and institutional exploration", a landscape architecture professional degree education system with Chinese characteristics will be built and the overall healthy development of landscape architecture professional degree education will be promoted continuously.
Key words:  landscape architecture  professional degree  higher education  discipline development

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