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三江并流世界自然遗产云岭片区居民点 发展模式研究
刘晓萍,张德顺
0
作者简介:
摘要:
中国世界自然遗产及缓冲区普遍存在大量社区居 民,如何科学选择居民点发展模式是遗产保护管理中需重点关 注的问题。以云岭片区为例,首先通过对社区历史风貌、人口 结构与产业发展模式等进行田野调查,利用指标体系法从自然 条件、区位条件、人口结构、产业发展模式、景观风貌与传统 文化五方面对云岭片区居民点居住适宜性进行评估。其次,利 用物种分布模型研究居民点对滇金丝猴栖息地的影响,得到基 于遗产地核心价值保护的居民点分类结果。对以上研究结果进 行叠加分析,最终将片区内各居民点分为搬迁型、疏解型、传 统生活生产控制型和生态旅游控制型4种发展模式。研究成果 将为以标准x入选的世界自然遗产地居民点发展模式的探讨提 供技术指导和案例参照。
关键词:  风景园林  居民点发展模式  居住适宜性  滇金丝 猴栖息地保护  三江并流  世界自然遗产
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on the Development Pattern of Settlements in the Yunling Area of the Three Parallel Rivers World Natural Heritage
LIU Xiaoping,ZHANG Deshun
Abstract:
There are a large number of community residents in Chinese world natural heritage and buffer zones. How to scientifically select the development mode of settlements is an important issue in heritage protection and management. Taking the Yunling area as an example, this paper firstly conducted a field survey on the historical landscape, population structure and industrial development mode of the communities, and used the index system method to evaluate the residential suitability of the Yunling area from five aspects: natural conditions, location conditions, population structure, industrial development model, landscape style and traditional culture. Secondly, the species distribution model is used to study the impact of settlements on the habitat of Rhinopithecus bieti, and the classification results of settlements based on the protection of core values of heritage were obtained. Based on the superposition analysis of the above research results, the settlements in the area are divided into four development patterns: relocation type, dredging type, control type of traditional life and production, and control type of ecological tourism. This study will provide technical guidance and case reference for the discussion of the development pattern of settlements in natural world Heritage based on standard x.
Key words:  landscape architecture  development pattern of settlements  habitability  habitat protection of Rhinopithecus bieti  Three Parallel Rivers  world natural heritage

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