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“生态-审美冲突”视角下的景观感知 研究进展与启示
费凡,岳邦瑞*,聂静
0
作者简介:
摘要:
近年来,“生态-审美冲突”的提出在景观感知领域 引发了精彩讨论。如何调和景观生态特征与公众审美体验间的 差异成为风景园林可持续管理面临的长期命题。旨在通过文献 综述对近30年的相关研究开展专项梳理。首先,从已有科研 成果中检选了94篇重点文献加以分析,认为相关领域已初具 共识。在问题表征、理论建构、研究方法与实践应用等层面均 有涉猎,形成了较为完整的研究链条。然后从“生态-审美冲 突的内涵与表征”“基于景观感知理论模型的冲突协调途径” 及“专家-公众协同的研究方法”3个角度梳理了研究进展。 最后提出基于“规范-机理-实践”的底层分析框架以贯通领 域内的研究闭环,并围绕框架提出了四方面启示,以期为该领 域的理论拓展与实践应用提供参考。
关键词:  风景园林  景观感知  生态-审美冲突  理论模 型  协调途径
DOI:
基金项目:
Research Progress and Enlightenment ofLandscape Perception from the Perspective ofEcological-aesthetic Disjuncture
FEI Fan,YUE Bangrui,NIE Jing
Abstract:
In recent years, the proposal of ecological-aesthetic disjuncture has triggered discussions in the field of landscape perception. How to reconcile the differences between ecological characteristics and public aesthetics has become a proposition for the landscape sustainable management. The research aims to conduct a specialized review of relevant research in the past 30 years through literature review. Firstly, 94 key papers were selected from existing scientific research achievements for analysis, and it is believed that there is initial consensus in the relevant fields. The research involves problem characterization, theoretical construction, research methods, and practical applications, forming a complete research chain. Then it sorts out the research progress from 3 perspectives: "the characterization and representation of ecologicalaesthetic disjuncture", "the disjuncture coordination approach based on the theoretical model of landscape perception", and "the research method of expert-public collaboration". Finally, the analysis framework based on "standard-mechanism-practice" is proposed to connect the research closed-loop, and 4 aspects of enlightenment are proposed around the framework, in order to provide reference for the theoretical expansion and the practical application.
Key words:  landscape architecture  landscape perception  ecologicalaesthetic disjuncture  theoretical model  coordination approach

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