|关键词: 风景园林 领土整治 乡村风景 风景类型 园林
|Landscape is Art up of Territory, and Gardens areTypification of Landscape—The Evolution of theMeaning of Landscape and the Development ofGardens in Western Europe
|ZHAO Haiyue,ZHU Liya,ZHU Jianning,LI Yali,YAN Mengzhu
|This paper summarized the emergence of the term
"landscape" and its evolution of the meaning in western Europe.
The initial meaning of landscape mainly refers to territorial
management. During the Renaissance, Europeans realized the
cultural and artistic worth of landscape and found the landscape
models of pastoral life and promised land, which promoted the
development of landscape arts such as painting and gardens, and
deeply influenced the layout, function, and scale of gardens. In the
18th century, under the influence of farm economy and industrial
revolution, the rural landscape in Britain completely changed.
With the formation of the new "sublime" and "picturesque"
landscape models, the natural landscape garden style emerged, and
further promoted the emergence of landscape tourism. Finally, the
relationship of territory, landscape and gardens and the inspirations
for China were summarized.
|Key words: landscape architecture territorial management rural
landscape landscape type garden art