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风景园林批评的学科价值
慕晓东
0
作者简介:
摘要:
过去几十年,风景园林的学科属性受到中外学界不 同程度的质疑。在此,试图把批评学引入风景园林以期回应学 科境况。拟从4个层面讨论风景园林批评的学科价值:1)风景 园林批评着眼于景观作品,因此,作品评论能强化相应的设计 话语,促进风景园林知识的系统性搭建;2)上千年的风景园林 批评史,亦组成了系统的风景园林知识;3)处于三位一体结构 的“历史/理论/批评”能巩固风景园林知识的系统性;4)批评 具有探索自主性理论的功能,从而服务于建构风景园林知识的 独立性。旨在揭示,批评学能推动建构系统且独立的风景园林 知识体系,从而促进学科建设。
关键词:  风景园林  学科  设计  历史  理论  自主性
DOI:
基金项目:
Disciplinary Values of Landscape ArchitecturalCriticism
MU Xiaodong
Abstract:
In last few decades, the disciplinary attribute of landscape architecture has been constantly questioned by academic circles at home and abroad. This paper attempts to introduce criticism into landscape architecture to respond to and even improve this situation. Specifically, criticism could contribute from four dimensions: 1) landscape architecture criticism focuses on landscape works, and therefore the criticism can strengthen the corresponding design discourse and promote the systematic construction of landscape architecture knowledge; 2) the thousandyear history of landscape architecture criticism is also a key component of landscape architecture knowledge; 3) the three-inone framework of "history-theory-criticism" can consolidate the systematicity of landscape architecture knowledge; 4) criticism has the function of exploring autonomous theories to construct the independence of landscape architecture knowledge. In sum, this paper aims to point out that criticism can play an irreplaceable role in the reconstruction of systematic and autonomous knowledge system in the field of landscape architecture.
Key words:  landscape architecture  discipline  design  history  theory  autonomy

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