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使用者视角下动态绿化暴露量影响因素 研究——以深圳市福田中心区为例
谢晓欢,周含芝,苟中华,黄邓楷
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作者简介:
摘要:
许多研究已表明,工作场所的绿色环境对员工身心 健康具有重要的促进意义,然而当前传统的以绿地率等为核心 指标的静态绿地评估和规划方法,难以有效评估个体移动视角 下的绿化暴露水平。在此背景下,基于使用者在工作场所周边 日常绿地使用行为及其动态绿化暴露的量化分析,探索动态、 实时的绿化暴露计算方法,挖掘静态绿化暴露量指标对不同主 观行为特征的绿地使用者动态绿化暴露量的影响差异。结果显 示,处在高度绿色环境工作场所的人也会保持更高的动态绿色 接触,除此之外其每日总体动态绿化暴露量水平高低不仅受到 静态绿色环境(绿地可达性、可获得性和可视性)的限制,同时 也受到使用者绿地使用行为目的和出行时段偏好的影响。研究 结果探索了基于使用者个体行为视角的绿化暴露量测算方法, 为进行人本尺度下城市绿地的评估与优化提供参考。
关键词:  风景园林  城市绿地  静态评估  动态评估  绿化 暴露量
DOI:
基金项目:
Study on the Influencing Factors of Dynamic GreenSpace Exposure from the Perspective of Users—ACase Study of Futian Central District, Shenzhen
XIE Xiaohuan,ZHOU Hanzhi,GOU Zhonghua,HUANG Dengkai
Abstract:
Many studies have demonstrated the significance of workplace green environments in promoting the physical and mental health of employees. However, the traditional static green space assessment and planning methods with core indicators such as green space ratio can hardly assess the level of green space exposure effectively from an individual mobile perspective. In this context, based on the quantitative analysis of users' daily green space usage and their dynamic green space exposure around the workplace, this paper explores the calculation method for dynamic and real-time green space exposure. The difference in the influence of static green space exposure indicators on the dynamic green space exposure of users with different subjective behavioral characteristics is also examined. The main finding of this study is that people whose workplaces are in highly green environments also maintain relatively high levels of dynamic green space exposure. In addition, their overall daily dynamic green space exposure is not only constrained by the static green environment (green space accessibility, availability, and visibility), but also influenced by users' green space utilization for behavioral purposes and travel time preferences. This study explored the method to measure green exposure based on individual user behavior, providing a reference for the evaluation and optimization of urban green space at a human scale.
Key words:  landscape architecture  urban green space  static assessment  dynamic assessment  green space exposure

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