引用本文:[点击复制]
[点击复制]
【打印本页】 【在线阅读全文】【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 339次   下载 0 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
大熊猫国家公园社区管理公平性测度及 调控机制研究
张引,陈秋瑾,张雨琦,杜春兰*
0
作者简介:
摘要:
社区管理是国家公园体制建设中的重点与难点。国 家公园社区管理中存在显著的公平性问题,但对此理论认识、 定量分析和调控对策不足。基于农户公平感知视角,在大熊猫 国家公园(唐家河园区)进行了实证研究。通过问卷调查、半 结构化访谈、相关性分析等方法,测度社区管理公平性,剖析 其空间影响因子和规划调控途径。研究发现:1)唐家河社区 管理的承认公平较为积极,但程序和分配公平较为消极,在不 同行政村和村民小组中存在差异;2)农户学历、年收入及护 林员等部分职业会正向影响公平感知,而年龄则负向影响公平 感知水平;3)社区管理公平性水平受边界与分区、野生动物 栖息地、区位交通条件、政策空间分异等空间相关因素影响, 提出相应的规划和政策调控途径。首次提出了国家公园社区管 理公平性的定量测度方法,揭示社区管理公平性的分异特征及 空间影响因素,为其管理和规划优化提供科学决策依据。
关键词:  风景园林  自然保护地  社区治理  公平感知  规 划调控
DOI:
基金项目:
Assessing Perceived Equity in CommunityManagement in Giant Panda National Park and ItsRegulatory Mechanisms摘 要
ZHANG Yin,CHEN Qiujin,ZHANG Yuqi,DU Chunlan
Abstract:
Community management is the key but difficult task in constructing China's national park system, among which social equity remains one of the most severe issues. However, few studies have systematically focused on it, especially in the theoretical understanding, quantitative analysis and regulatory countermeasure aspects. From the perspective of perceived equity amongst farmer households, and by conducting questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, and association analysis, the research assessed the equity levels of community management to analyze the spatial factors and regulatory approaches in Giant Panda National Park. The results showed that: 1) Local perceptions towards recognitional equity were overall positive, while those for procedural and distributional fairness were somewhat negative, with large variation in different administrative villages and village groups; 2) Education levels, annual income, and parts of occupation (e.g. forest rangers) could positively affect fairness perceptions, while age exerted a negative impact; 3) Spatial influencing factors of community-based equity included boundary and zoning, wildlife habitat, location and traffic conditions and the spatial differentiation of policies, which could be regulated by optimizing the spatial planning and improving the policy system. This study made the first attempt to assess the social equity levels in national parks through quantitative approach, and disclosed its key influencing spatial factors to provide a scientific decision-making basis for community management and planning of the Giant Panda National Park.
Key words:  landscape architecture  protected areas (PAs)  community governance  fairness perceptions  planning regulation

京公网安备 11010802028240号

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫