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河流样式框架:基于水文地貌评估支撑 河流景观的可持续修复与管理
鲍梓婷,张婷婷,(荷)史蒂芬·奈豪斯,张皓翔
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作者简介:1987年生/女/山东成武人/博士/华南理工大学建筑学院副教 授,硕士生导师/亚热带建筑与城市科学国家重点实验室/研究方 向为地景规划与生态修复、景观特征评估(广州 510641)
摘要:
河流景观是人类需求与自然基底相互作用形成的复 杂、多尺度嵌套的社会生态和水文地貌系统。基于水文地貌学 原理的“河流样式框架”为理解河流“形式与过程”之间的关 系提供了一个成熟的分析工具。系统梳理河流样式框架的基本 原则、具体步骤与核心内容,提出多尺度的空间层级划分、河 流样式与地貌单元的分类体系是该框架解释河流特征与河流行 为的核心方法。进而在流域尺度依据地貌状况与修复潜力评估 结果确定各个河段修复管理的优先次序,在河段尺度通过河流 演变轨迹分析预测河流的变化趋势。以期为“基于过程”的河 流景观修复设计与行动计划提供理论支持。
关键词:  风景园林  河流景观修复  河流样式框架  水文 地貌评估
DOI:10.19775/j.cla.2024.03.0048
投稿时间:2022-08-03修订日期:2023-12-01
基金项目:广东省哲学社会科学规划项目(编号GD23YYS22) 和广州市科技计划项目(编号202102021193)共同资助
River Style Framework: A Hydro-morphologyAssessment Framework for Sustainable RiverscapeRestoration and Management
BAO Ziting,ZHANG Tingting,(Netherlands) Steffen Nijhuis,ZHANG Haoxiang
Abstract:
Riverscape is a complex and multi-scale socioecological and hydrogeomorphic system, which is the result from the interaction between human and nature. The "River Style Framework", based on the principles of hydrogeomorphology, provides a mature learning tool to understand the "form and process". The paper made a systematic review of the main principles, procedures and contents of river style framework. The multi-scale spatial framework, the classification system of river style and geomorphic units provide the basic approach for describing and interpreting river character and behavior. At the watershed scale, the priority of restoration strategy of each reach can be identified after the geomorphological condition assessment and the restoration potential assessment; at the reach scale, with the evolution trajectory analysis of the specific reach, the change trend can be predicted, and providing knowledge evidence for "processbased" riverscape restoration design and actions.
Key words:  landscape architecture  riverscape restoration  river style framework  hydro-morphology assessment

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