中国园林
期刊搜索:
  • 当期推荐
  • 期刊检索
  • 目录索引
  • 业界新闻
  • 投稿须知
  • 广告服务
  • 友情链接
  • 联系我们
  • 返回首页
远程稿件处理
期刊杂志

    规划设计学中的调查方法4——行动观察法

    关键词:风景园林; 行动观察; 使用状况评价; 公园利用; 行动地图绘制; 调查方法

    Key words:landscape architecture; action observation; Post Occupancy Evaluation; park use; activity mapping; survey method

    摘要:行动观察被用于调查使用者的行为活动特征,可为空间环境合理的规划设计提供有力保证。概要部分综述了行动观察的概念与发展、观察者与被观察者关系、观察视点等基础内容。调查方法部分从行动种类、观察场所、观察方法、分析角度和数据形式等五大方面作了进一步探讨。在揭示该方法的专业适用领域后,深入解析了它在公园绿地使用调查研究中的具体操作。最后,通过日本皇宫国民公园的案例研究,完整演绎了行动观察在实际研究中的方法和作用。

    Abstract:Action observation offers the strong support to space planning and design by surveying space users’ action. First, the general part introduces the definition and origination, the relation between the observers and the observed ones, and the viewpoints for observing. Then, the investigation part discusses five key points, including action categories, observing places, observing methods, data analysis methods and data forms. Next, after disclosing action observation application in planning and design, the paper explains its operation in park use research with details. Finally, by a case study of Japan palace garden using as national park, the paper displays the operation and function of action observation completely.