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    以境启心 因境成景——《园冶》的基础设计思维

    关键词:风景园林;园冶;设计思维;智巧;境景

    Key words:landscape architecture; Yuan Ye; design thinking; ingenuity bourn; ambience landscape

    摘要:“计无否之变化,从心不从法”,《园冶》书中较少论及具体的造园技术和方法,而是在深刻理解意境的基础上运用以境启心、以境论景的写作方法向读者阐明了因境成景,景境互融的基础设计思维,即在合理顾及地宜、人宜的前提下,发挥设计师的能力,创造出优美之景致,感人之意境,通过与其他园林古籍理论和园记历史实景的类比分析可以进一步证明。

    Abstract:"There are numbers of ways to develop a landscape, following your heart instead of following a certain method." It is very few to talk about the gardening techniques and methods in Yuan Ye. Eventually it attempts to delve into Ji Cheng's basic designing thoughts of shaping landscape by ambience as well as the interaction of landscape and ambience embodied in Yuan Ye, by means of analyzing the thinking of enlightening heart from landscape and reasoning landscape from ambience, as well as assorting from ambience. That is to be under the premise of thinking about the site and the people, to play designer's ability and to create the great landscape and ambience. Moreover, further argumentation is indicated by analogy between the historical real scenes in Yuan Ye and other gardening theories.