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    勾勒变化的海岸——应对海平面上升的风景园林设计

    关键词:风景园林;海平面上升;环境效应;机遇;挑战

    Key words:landscape architecture; rising sea-level; environmental effect; opportunity; challenge

    摘要:随着全球变暖,未来海平面将呈加速上升的趋势。海平面上升所引起的淹没海岸湿地和低地、加剧海岸侵蚀、增加盐水入侵强度等一系列环境效应必将给海岸地带造成严重影响。同时,海平面上升也是一种机遇,风景园林师应根据其规律与特征,用科学理性的方式转化这种自然力量,如在设计中引入上涨海面所引发的动态景观,从自然现象中寻找顺应海潮的新的景观形式等,以应对海平面上涨所导致的一系列环境问题,并且引发人们对全球气候变化的深思,创造与上升海面和谐共存的景观。

    Abstract:With global warming, the sea-level will rise in the trend of accelerating in the future. Many environmental effects such as the flooding of coastal wetlands and lowlands, the increasing of coastal erosion and the increasing of the intensity of salt water intrusion will be caused by the rising sea-level, which is bound to exert a significant impact on coastal zones. Meanwhile, the rising sea-level is also an opportunity. According to the rules and characteristics of the sea, landscape architects should transform the force in scientific and rational ways, such as introducing the dynamic landscape in landscape design, finding new landscape forms which comply with the tide, to solve the problems caused by rising sea levels, and let people think about global climate change, and create a harmonious landscape that coexist with the rising sea.