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    空间生产导向下的城市设计问题与出路

    关键词:风景园林;空间生产;城市设计;资本;弹性;复合

    Key words:landscape architecture; space production; urban design; capital; elastic; complex

    摘要:城市设计能否最大限度地实施,受到“经济生产”与“空间模式”的影响,要处理好两者之间的关系,就必须引入空间生产的理论。以空间生产理论为视角,剖析当前城市设计理论中存在的问题,将其归纳为“CRFS”4个方面:C——capital、R——road network、F——function、S——system。以4方面问题为导向,结合当前国情,通过国内外实际案例对比研究,引入适当的定性及定量分析,提出空间生产导向下城市设计4条出路:明确资本主体,构架弹性路网,引入复合功能,建立奖惩机制。

    Abstract:Whether an urban design can be implemented to the maximum extent is affected by "economic production" and "space mode". To do well with the two, the theory of space production is introduced. The paper takes the perspective of space production theory to analyze problems existing in current urban designs, and conclusions are drawn in four aspects of CRFS, namely C-capital, R-road network, F- function, S-system. With the four aspects as the orientations, combining with the current situation, through domestic and international comparative study of the actual case, and introducing appropriate qualitative and quantitative analysis, the paper proposes four solutions for urban designs oriented by space production: 1. to clarify subjects of capital; 2. to construct elastic road networks; 3. to bring in complex functions; and 4. to establish a system of punishment and awards.