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期刊杂志

    龙游石窟与花山石窟比较研究

    关键词:风景园林;龙游石窟;花山石窟;岩性;建筑石材;采石场

    Key words:landscape architecture; Longyou Grottoes; Huashan Grottoes; lithology; building stone; quarry

    摘要:与身为世界文化遗产的我国西北著名三大石窟相比,龙游石窟和花山石窟这两大江南石窟呈现出完全不同的特点,石窟内文物较为少见,除保留有纹理清晰的凿痕和支撑石柱外,洞窟内较为空旷,与佛窟寺特点迥异。通过岩性分析、石材分布和实地调研,得证龙游石窟和花山石窟在外部特征、岩性、开凿技术、石材分布和用途上存在广泛的共通性,是自古以来的建筑采石场,所采石材广泛应用于附近民居及公共建筑中,并沿用至今。

    Abstract:Compared with the three most famous grottoes on the Northwestern China, Longyou Grottoes & Huashan Grottoes, which have nothing but some stone-pillars and the clear digging trace in the grottoes, have different Southern features. According to the survey on the spots, the research of building-stones' distribution and the lithology comparison, it is learnt that Longyou Grottoes & Huashan Grottoes are both the ancient quarrying relics and have much in common, such as exterior features, lithology, quarrying skills, stone distribution and stone use. The stones from the two grottoes were widespread used in the buildings near the grottoes from ancient to now.