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    低成本造园的设计途径初探

    关键词:风景园林;低成本;北京;绿隔林带;生态;设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; low cost; Beijing; green isolated area tree belt; ecology; design

    摘要:随着城市对绿地功能需求的转变,绿地建设的每平方米投入正出现逐年递减的趋势。如何有针对性地降低建设与养护成本,避免出现低价、低质的绿地建设,是当前园林设计面临的重要问题。通过工作中对北京绿隔地区林带改造提升成为郊野公园的经验,对早期低成本城市造林的经验进行总结和分析,参考国外的生态设计经验,进而提出适于当下的低成本造园的具体设计手法,以期在自然演变的帮助下实现低投入、低维护、高稳定的城市绿地生态。

    Abstract:At present, the per square meter investment of green space construction is on an annually decreasing track and the function of new-constructed green space is more focusing on urban ecology. The purpose is on one hand to reduce the investment per square meter of green space, and on the other side to ensure ecologically sustainable construction effects. By summarizing the past experiences in the construction of the green isolated areas, the author put forward improved low-cost design techniques in the field of landscape gardening based on practice. The expectation is ecological urban green space with low cost, low maintenance effort and high stability.