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    以金阁寺为例看日本学者视野中的遗产真实性

    关键词:风景园林;世界遗产;日本;金阁寺;重建;奈良真实性会议

    Key words:landscape architecture; World Heritage; Japan; Kinkakuji; reconstruction; Nara Conference on Authenticity

    摘要:世界遗产真实性是非常重要的概念,但至今让人难以辨析。与中国同属东方文化圈的日本,在1992年加入了世界遗产成员国,对世界遗产真实性概念的适当性解释起到了重要的推进作用,促成了世界对文化多样性的接受。以日本京都文化财的鹿苑寺(金阁寺)为例,结合其1993年世界遗产登录申请文书以及1994年在日本古都奈良举行的奈良会议上产生的《奈良文件》的核心内容和会议相关人员的思想展开讨论,试图厘清遗产保护中真实性概念的内涵和真正意义,并希望指导遗产相关的实践活动。

    Abstract:The concept of the authenticity of the World Heritage is very important, but it is not clear. As a part of Asia, Japan was late to join in the World Heritage Committee, but Japan contributed greatly to recognize the word "authenticity" and to show the multi-culture in this world. This paper will begin from the World Heritage of Kyoto property, Kinkakuj, registered in 1994, and to discuss about the Nara document, and the key person, and to make clear the background of the discussion of the authenticity, and to show the real concept of the authenticity of the outstanding and universal value, and to give the hint to the protection of Chinese heritage.