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    杭州西湖寺观园林前导空间分析

    关键词:风景园林;寺观园林;前导空间;景观序列

    Key words:landscape architecture; temple gardens; introductory space; landscape sequence

    摘要:杭州西湖寺观园林历史悠久,浸润在深厚的西湖文化之中,形成了独具一格的环境氛围,是西湖园林群的重要组成部分。前导空间是景观序列开展的先导,对园林的整体环境把握有着重要的作用。以西湖寺观园林前导空间的形成、作用和营造为脉络,在对黄龙洞、灵隐寺、云栖竹径、虎跑寺和紫云洞等典型的西湖寺观园林的前导空间的分析比较之中,探究前导空间的组织形式、水体和植被设计方法,以期为现代园林前导空间设计提供借鉴。

    Abstract:Temple gardens around the West Lake (in Hangzhou) have enjoyed a long history. As an important component of the West Lake landscape, it was affected by the ancient culture of the West Lake and formed unique characteristics. Introductory space is the forerunner of the landscape sequence and plays an important role in the style control of the whole landscape environment. Based on the spatial analysis of five typical Temple gardens, Yellow Dragon Cave, Lingyin Temple, Bamboo-Lined Path at Yunqi, Tiger-Running Temple and Ziyun Cave in Hangzhou, the forming, action and construction of introductory landscape in Temple gardens were elaborated in this paper. The analysis was conducted in such aspects as landscape organization, water body and vegetation design for providing reference for the spatial design of modern garden.