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    动与静——《园冶》园说篇文句结构及论题刍议

    关键词:风景园林;《园冶》;“园说”;动观静观;园林体验;本体体验

    Key words:landscape architecture; Yuan Ye; "Yuan shuo"; movement and stillness; landscape experience; proprioception

    摘要:本文关注了17世纪的造园名著《园冶》,并以“园说”篇为焦点。要旨有二:首先,在各注家对《园冶》原文断句及标点的基础上,提出一个关于文句结构及暗含论题的新认识;其次,阐明原文动静交替的暗含视界(horizon),突出各种关乎文化特征的前提。在这其中包含2个问题:1)在放弃三维透视空间作为园林设计的前提之后,讨论园林体验的主要理念是什么;2)如何看待原文中并未出现平面图和空间体验之间的逻辑关系。

    Abstract:This paper is a study of Yuan Ye, a 17th-century treatise on garden design, and deals specifically with the chapter on gardens in general. Two aims are pursued in this study: first, based on the work of previous editors and annotators, this paper proposes a new understanding of the structure of the text and its implied topics of discussion. Second, this paper elucidates viewing-in-stillness and viewing-in-motion as the implied horizon of the text and highlights the cultural specificity of assumptions that can be inferred from the text. Two questions are addressed at the end of the paper: 1) If one were to abandon three-dimensional perspectival space as an assumption of landscape design, what are the principal terms for discussing landscape experience; 2) From what vantage point can we consider the absence of the logical relationship between ground plans and spatial experience in the text.