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期刊杂志

    《园冶》在日本的传播及其在现代造园学中的意义

    关键词:风景园林;《园冶》;《园冶》现代版;中国营造学社;园;日本造园学

    Key words:landscape architecture; Yuan Ye; the modern edition of Yuan Ye; Society for the Study of Chinese Architecture; Yuan (fine places based on Chinese culture); Japanese landscape architecture

    摘要:考察了《园冶》在日本的传播和影响,并再考了《园冶》对现代造园学的启示。考察范围具体为:1)《园冶》在日本的传播;2)《园冶》的现代版和诸版本的比较;3)日本造园学最近的趋势;4)再探《园冶》之精华。结论为:《园冶》在历史上对日本的造园学、文学和美术等领域有过不同程度的影响;在营造学社的版本面世之后又对日本有过新的影响,但在与原版的对照与校正方面尚存疑点;传统的造园学在向现代接轨中尚存的问题,但《园冶》中的基本概念在现代仍有价值。

    Abstract:This paper discusses how the philosophy of Yuan Ye was conveyed to Japan, and what kind of significance this philosophy has with regard to landscape architecture today. The following research parts were included: a) the introduction of Yuan Ye philosophy to Japan; b) present editions of Yuan Ye and the differences between them; c) the trends of landscape research in Japanese; d) the essence of Yuan Ye pertinent today. This paper points out that Yuan Ye was noticed early in Japan and that this philosophy influenced fields of gardening, literature, art, etc. The modern edition of Yuan Ye by the Society for the Study of Chinese Architecture influenced present editions in Japan although incomplete parts remain. Some troubles in putting traditional concepts into modern terms were noted academically, but the essential ideas conveyed by Yuan Ye are still meaningful today.