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期刊杂志

    老庄园林观(二)

    关键词:风景园林;隐逸;老庄;园林;题名

    Key words:landscape architecture; seclusion; Lao-Zhuang; garden; landscape inscription

    摘要:隐逸是中国文化的重要组成部分,其主旨源于老庄思想。回顾了隐逸文化的发展变迁。以场所为依据的三隐观一直是中国文人的精神支柱。其中隐思想自唐以降,得到主流统治阶层和文人阶层的共同认可。园林遂作为最佳的隐逸基地,被赋予文人园等美称。造园者和赏园者把园景之名濡以隐逸的笔墨,成为历朝不朽的时尚。文人园的审美主体在园林中,不仅寻真炼气以毕延年益寿之功,更以园景为审美客体,进行文学、绘画、音乐、歌舞等的艺术创作,留下了许多千古名作。

    Abstract:Seclusion culture which derives from Taoism is an important part of Chinese culture. The paper reviews the development and changes of seclusion culture from the hermit history. Place-based sanyin concept has been a spiritual pillar of the Chinese literati. The seclusion thought was co-sanctioned by the mainstream of the ruling class and the literati since the Tang Dynasty. Garden then became the best place for hermits, which is conferred as Literati Park. Garden owners and tourists integrated seclusion culture into the landscape inscriptions, which became an immortal fashion in each dynasty. Aesthetic subjects in the literati gardens not only pursued trueness and spirit to achieve longevity, but also took the landscape as aesthetic object to conduct literature, painting, music, dance and artistic creation, leaving many eternal masterpieces.