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期刊杂志

    中小城市中心广场“公园化”设计探讨

    关键词:风景园林;中小城市;中心广场;公园化;景观设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; middle and small-sized city; central plaza; park-like; landscape design

    摘要:城市广场是一座城市,尤其是中小城市最重要的户外活动空间,常被誉为“城市的客厅”。中小尺度城市的中心广场往往只有一个,且地位相当重要,反应了整个城市的精神和面貌。20世纪末,中国的大中城市曾经刮起一股广场建设之风,且大部分广场设计偏重于“宏大尺度、硬质空间”,在“亲民性”“景观性”“文化性”“舒适性”等方面存在着一定的缺憾。将研究视点定格在“中小城市的中心广场”设计上,重点阐述中小城市中心广场的设计理念、设计原则以及设计手法,揭示“广场公园化”的设计途径,以及经济、节约、生态、可持续的现代景观设计理念,以期对现代城市广场空间设计提供一定的借鉴。

    Abstract:City Plaza is one of the most important outdoor space for citizens, especially in the small or medium-sized cities, so it is usually being called "the city living room". In the small or medium-sized cities, there is often one main plaza in the core area of the city, which is very important for it to carry the spirit and outlook of the entire city. In the late 20th century, many cities in China, especially the large cities, built a lot of big squares which emphasized on "the grand scale", as well as the "hard space", and lost of the good qualities of the open space focused on "meeting the people use" "being beautiful" "comfortable" "cultural", and so on. This paper focuses on the design methodology, principles, as well as techniques of the centre plaza in the small or medium-sized cities, tries to study a kind of design approach named as "park-like square", trying to realize the goal of the economic, conservation, ecology, sustainable landscape.