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期刊杂志

    论长安宫苑“水文化”与西安遗址公园水景建设

    关键词:风景园林;遗址公园;长安;水文化;水景

    Key words:landscape architecture; relic parks; Chang'an; water culture; waterscape

    摘要:长安作为华夏文明的重要发祥地,其滨水风景在中国园林史上具有不可替代的地位,留下了许多值得探讨和发人深思的遗址。在总结长安宫苑池沼历史变迁、功能价值、历史意义与营建特色的基础上,阐释其宫苑水文化的内涵。通过西安遗址公园典型案例的古今对比评析目前结合遗址营造水景的主要方式。同时,将水景遗产划分为自然河道、天然池沼、人工渠系与人工池沼4类,分别阐述保护与利用的重点。总结出西安遗址类水域景观面向未来的文化延续策略。

    Abstract:As an important birthplace of Chinese civilization, the waterfront landscape of Chang'an occupies an irreplaceable position in Chinese landscape history, and left many heritage sites which are thought-provoking and worthy of discussion. On the basis of summarizing the historical changes, functional values, historical significance and construction characteristics of Chang'an palatial garden waterscape, the connotation of its water culture was interpreted. Through comparison between ancient and modern times of Xi'an typical relic parks, main ways of waterscape construction on heritage sites at present were reviewed. At the same time, waterscape heritage was classified into four types: natural river, natural pond, artificial canal system, and artificial pond, and the key points of conservation and utilization were demonstrated separately. Then the future-oriented culture continuity strategy of Xi'an ruins waterscape was summarized.