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期刊杂志

    从文人纪事题咏看康雍乾时期天津盐商私家园林的转折

    关键词:风景园林;康雍乾时期;天津盐商私家园林;城市景观格局;园林活动

    Key words:landscape architecture; Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong Reigns; Tianjin Salt Merchant's Private Garden; urban landscape layout; cultural lifestyle in the garden

    摘要:天津盐商私家园林作为北方园林的重要组成部分,在清代康雍乾时期产生了从模拟天然雅趣的文人化园林过渡到追求精致的人工化园林的重要转折。这一转折在园林与城市布局的关系,园林构筑及园内物质文化生活等方面都有强烈的表征,并与当时的技术水平及盐商社会地位的变化有着强烈的关联。

    Abstract:Tianjin salt merchant's private gardens, being a key component in the landscape history of northern China, have emerged a great transition from the nature imitating classical garden to the elaboration focused artificial garden during the Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong reigns in Qing dynasty. This transformation was strongly reflected in the fields of urban landscape layout, garden construction and the cultural lifestyle in the garden, and was also associated closely with the garden building skill and the social status of salt merchant at that time.