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    论道《园冶》——《园冶》传统哲学思想浅析

    关键词:风景园林;《园冶》道;二元论;同一论;园林事业;反省

    Key words:landscape architecture; the doctrine of Yuan Ye; dualism theory; identity theory; landscape undertakings; reflection

    摘要:探讨《园冶》独特的园林文化和哲学思想。1)《园冶》之道,是造园的“大道之道”,以自然为“师”,为“法” 是其根本核心,自然辩证法否定之否定在《园冶》造园理论上有重要地位;2)《园冶》之名,由《园牧》改《园冶》,两字之差,一字的淬炼,显示古代园林宗师的匠心;3)《园冶》之二元论,《园冶》造园的矛盾以二元对偶形态频频出现,以讨论解决造园要素众多矛盾的方法;4)《园冶》之同一论,《园冶》以同一思想,平衡调节造园要素的众多矛盾,用“因,借,体,宜”作为精髓;5)跳出《园冶》的计成,《园冶》反射出计成已欲跳出景观小品景点创作,在宏观自然生态上落笔,但历史条件的局限成为遗憾。

    Abstract:The paper discusses the unique oriental garden culture and philosophy of Yuan Ye. 1)Yuan Ye is the great way of Chinese classic gardening, which takes the nature as the "master" and "law" as its fundamental core, and the natural dialectic negation of negation theory plays an important role in its gardening theory. 2)Yuan Ye was named as Yuan Mu (Tending of Gardens) first and then received his present name, which showed the ingenuity of ancient gardening masters; 3)The frequently manifested dualism of gardening contradictions in Yuan Ye is to discuss gardening elements in order to find methods to resolve the problems for gardening; 4)Yuan Ye shows the idea of identity theory, which is used to balance the many contradictions of gardening through "suitability with fitful dimensions"; 5)Yuan Ye shows Ji Cheng was no longer satisfied with the idea of a small garden and wants to take it to the next level on a grand scale by using landscape planning in macro natural ecological environment, but the historical conditions and limitations became lifelong regrets.