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    重建儿童与自然的联系——自然缺失症康复花园研究

    关键词:风景园林;自然缺失症;实验康复花园;儿童健康;康复效果

    Key words:landscape architecture; nature-deficit disorder; experimental therapeutic garden; children's health; effect of rehabilitation

    摘要:自然缺失症揭示了儿童与自然之间断裂的现象,而康复花园的本职是主动关联自然与健康,借助其重建儿童与自然的联系存在理论可行性。首先从环境主、客体的角度构建了康复花园的助益系统,其次通过建立助益途径与儿童基本诉求之间的对应关系阐释了康复花园助益自然缺失症的过程,在此基础上指导设计了专类实验康复花园,最后基于儿童健康问卷—家长卷(CHQ-PF28)初步研究了康复效果,结果表明康复花园对儿童自然缺失症的改善具有积极作用。

    Abstract:Nature-deficit disorder reveals the phenomenon of breaking between children and nature. Therapeutic garden is supposed to actively restore the relationship between nature and health. With the help of therapeutic garden, restoration of nature-deficit children's connection with nature has theoretical feasibility. Firstly, from the perspective of the subject and object of environment, the system of the therapeutic garden was constructed. Secondly, by establishing the correspondence between the basic demands of children and garden ways, the paper illustrated the process of therapeutic garden to improve nature-deficit disorder. Based on them, the experimental therapeutic garden was designed. Finally by the child health questionnaire (CHQ-PF28), a preliminary study on the effect of rehabilitation was carried out. The results showed that the therapeutic garden had positive effect on the improvement of nature-deficit disorder.

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