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    美国痴呆症康复花园设计综述

    关键词:风景园林;痴呆症;康复花园;循证设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; dementia; healing garden; evidence-based deign

    摘要:依据循证设计的理念,从健康生成论、老年医学以及环境心理学多个角度,对痴呆症患者对户外空间的需求、独立活动性、偏好以及安全性进行分析和总结,将这些研究与具体设计相连接,最后介绍了2个美国痴呆症康复花园的设计实例。希望在中国老龄化社会进程不断加快的背景下,学习借鉴美国先进的痴呆症康复花园设计理论和实践经验,以促进我国康复花园的研究和发展,力图使更符合患者需求的景观设计成为可能,从而延缓病症的发展,减少精神行为症状,提升痴呆症患者的幸福感和生活质量。

    Abstract:According to the evidenced-based design theory, this paper analyzes and summarizes dementia patients' basic needs for outdoor environment, independent mobility, preference and security from the perspectives of Salutogenesis, Gerontology and Environmental Psychology, and links these researches to practical design, and finally two case studies of healing garden for people with dementia in America are presented. The paper aims to promote healing garden research and development in China by learning from the advanced healing garden design theory and practical experience in America and make the landscape design that better meets patients' needs possible in the background of rapid development of aging population in China, thus slow the progression, reduce the behavioral and psychological symptoms, and elevate the well-being and quality of life of people with dementia.

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