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    清漪园赅春园的植物景观审美探析

    关键词:园林植物;清漪园;赅春园;审美;配置

    Key words:landscape plants; Qingyi Garden; Gaichun Garden; aesthetics; configuration

    摘要:赅春园是建于清漪园早期的园中园,建筑布局充分利用万寿山后山的自然地形,形成前临丘壑、背靠石崖的山地园,为乾隆皇帝读书、休憩、礼佛之处。整理乾隆皇帝在赅春园留下的诗作,结合现状遗存古树,比较北方皇家园林中其他相似的园林,总结赅春园的植物种类和配置特征;从植物季相、宗教意蕴、文人雅园和山林野趣等方面分析其植物意境,探究乾隆的植物审美情趣,还原植物历史景观原貌,为遗址中的植物景观的复原和展示工作提供依据。

    Abstract:Gaichun Garden is a garden within garden built after the early construction of Qingyi Garden. Its architectural composition makes full use of the physical relief of the Longevity Hill's back, forming a mountain park that overlooks the gully and is backed by the cliffs. It used to be a site for Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty to read, rest and pay respect for Buddha. In this paper, floristics and plant furnishing features in Gaichun Garden are summarized by collecting poems written by Emperor Qianlong in Gaichun Garden, by combining the current remains of ancient trees, as well as by comparing with other similar gardens among the royal gardens in the north. Plant artistic conception of Gaichun Garden is analyzed from the perspectives of plant seasonal aspect, religious implications, scholars' gardens and forest wild, in an attempt to explore Qianlong's aesthetic taste of plants and restore the original appearance of historical plants landscape, thus providing basis for the restoration and display work of plants landscape in the relics.

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