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    陕北丘陵沟壑区雨水利用场地类型及建设模式

    关键词:风景园林;陕北;丘陵沟壑区;雨水利用;场地类型;建设模式

    Key words:landscape architecture; Northern Shaanxi; hilly and gully region; stormwater usage; site form; construction model

    摘要:论述了传统雨水利用场地的建设现状,存在系统性不足、依托经验建设以及不能适应现代城镇和生态人居环境建设要求等问题,在分析原因的基础上提出了类型化和模式化研究的策略。将最主要的传统雨水利用场地按地貌分为三大类12种,列出了7种主要影响因素及其影响性并且分析了各种场地的雨水处理功能。从场地、城镇以及流域3个尺度归纳构建了6类具体的场地建设模式,明确了每类模式适宜应用的场地技术措施和应用范围。

    Abstract:The paper discussed the situation of traditional stormwater usage construction, which can be summarized to insufficient system, relying on experience, being unadaptable to the modern town and ecological environment construction requirements and so on. Based on the analysis of the reasons, the strategy of categorization and modeling research was put forward. It classified the main traditional stormwater usage sites to 3 main classes and 12 kinds according to landforms, listed seven influence factors and their impacts, and analyzed the stormwater treatment functions of various sites. Finally 6 types of site construction models were summarized and established from the three scales of site, town and drainage basin, and the suitable technical measures and application ranges of various models are clarified.

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