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期刊杂志

    广东珠三角地区典型景观大道植物景观调查及评价

    关键词:园林植物;景观大道;植物景观;道路绿化;近自然群落

    Key words:landscape plants; landscape avenue; plant landscape; road greening; near natural forest

    摘要:为提升新时期道路的绿化水平,建设生态效益好、景观效果佳的道路绿化带,以珠三角地区2条不同建成时间的道路绿化经典之作——东莞大道和深南大道的绿化为研究对象,通过实地调查,对其绿化的植物种类组成、配置模式、景观效果等方面进行了深入研究,并总结了其异同点,结果表明,2条道路绿化具有园林植物种类丰富,重视乡土植物应用与地域特色景观营造,群落结构丰富等特点,在此基础上,提出了道路优异植物景观建设的可持续发展策略——从重视规整的人工造景模式向自然随意的近自然林景观模式演化。此研究结果可为珠三角地区的道路绿化提供有益的借鉴和参考。

    Abstract:In order to improve the level of road greening in the new period, build road green belt with good ecological benefits and landscape effects, field surveying research was performed on the Dongguan Avenue and Shennan Road, which are two typical landscape avenues that were constructed at different time scales in the Pearl River Delta region. Plant species composition, landscape effects and designing methods had been studied and their similarities and differences had been summarized. The results showed that these two roads have common green characteristics in utilizing many landscape plant species, paying attention to employ native species, constructing a great regional characteristic plant landscape and stratified mixture plant community, etc. Based on this observation, the sustainable development strategies of nice plant landscape construction of road green that evolve from the regular artificial landscape mode to the naturally near natural mode were proposed. This research can provide valuable information for construction of the road greening in this area.

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