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    上海新农村的嬗变升华:从村庄改造到美丽乡村建设

    关键词:风景园林;村庄改造;财政奖补;建设管理;美丽乡村

    Key words:landscape architecture; rural reconstruction; financial subsidies; construction management; beautiful countryside

    摘要:建设美丽乡村是改善农村人居环境、推进城乡统筹发展的必要举措,是建设美丽中国的具体行动。为了更加有效地推动新农村建设,上海市以村庄改造为载体,按照全国改善人居环境的工作要求,在总结以往工作经验的基础上,将生态、产业和文化建设作为主线,对美丽乡村提出了全覆盖推进、规划引导、资源整合、建管并举等对策措施。系统回顾上海市美丽乡村建设历程,阐述了建设工作战略,对中国的新农村发展具有一定的代表性借鉴意义。

    Abstract:Building a beautiful countryside is one of the necessary measures to improve the rural living environment and to balance the urban and rural development, and also one of the specific actions that should be taken to construct beautiful China. To further advance the construction work effectively, by focusing on the rural reconstruction, Shanghai government takes the work concerning ecological, industrial and cultural construction as priorities and develops working strategies such as full coverage, planning guidance, resource integration and combination of construction and management in accordance with the national work guidelines on living environment improvement and based on the work experience. This paper systematically reviews the history of beautiful countryside building in Shanghai and explains the strategies in detail, which provides a lot of valuable information about the development of new countryside in China.

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