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    融合生物多样性与景观认知评价的城市绿地规划与管理之研究综述

    关键词:风景园林;绿地;生物多样性;跨学科理论;游憩娱乐

    Key words:landscape architecture; green space; biodiversity; interdisciplinary theory; recreation

    摘要:在城市环境中,绿地在满足生物多样性的同时,面对居民游憩服务功能的压力越来越大。现实中城市生物多样性的保护与人类游憩活动往往相互冲突。传统的绿地规划与设计通常将生态学与社会学问题分开讨论,在城市绿地生物多样性和游憩性价值的整体研究中,缺少跨学科的理论研究方法。通过回顾英文文献,总结并分析了3类跨学科的理论框架体系及相关方法,以期今后为中国平衡与协调城市生物多样性保护和居民游憩娱乐活动为目的的城市绿地规划与管理提供理论依据和实践方法。

    Abstract:In urban environments the pressure on green spaces to serve both biodiversity and human recreation is greater than ever. In practice, urban biodiversity conservation often has a conflict with human recreational activities. Since green space studies have often discussed ecological and social issues separately, interdisciplinary methods integrating biodiversity and recreational values in the urban green space planning and management have not yet been actively developed. Therefore, three main conceptual frameworks and their methods of trade-offs and synergies between biodiversity conservation and human recreation in urban environmental settings were identified and generalized based on a literature review. The relevant theories and methods can be used for Chinese green space planning and management to measure trade-offs and synergies between urban biodiversity conservation and human recreation.

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