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    中国传统园林中“题咏”参与审美的机制探析

    关键词:风景园林;中国传统园林;题咏;审美;参与机制;心理

    Key words:landscape architecture; Chinese traditional garden; inscription; aesthetic appreciation; participation mechanism; psychology

    摘要:大量“题咏”参与审美是中国传统园林的特色之一,目前对“题咏”在园林审美中作用和参与机制的认识仍不够全面和深入。借助美学、心理学等相关学科理论,对“题咏”参与园林审美的心理过程进行分析,可知题咏在园林审美的准备、初始和高潮阶段,分别对审美注意、审美需要、审美感知、审美联想和想象、审美判断和理解、审美情感等活动产生了深刻的影响。对园林审美的发生、发展、深化和效率具有重要的促进作用。

    Abstract:Large numbers of "inscriptions" participating in garden aesthetic appreciation is one characteristic of Chinese traditional gardens. Currently, the recognition of inscriptions' effect and participation mechanism in garden aesthetic appreciation was not exhaustive and thoroughly. Under the direction of aesthetics and psychology theories, this article analyzed the process of "inscriptions" participating in garden aesthetic appreciation. It had found that in the Chinese traditional gardens aesthetic appreciation "inscriptions" had a profound impact on aesthetic attention, aesthetic needs, aesthetic perception, aesthetic association and imagination, aesthetic judgment and understanding, aesthetic emotion and so on. Therefore "inscriptions" had synthesized promotion on occurrence, development, deepening and efficiency of garden aesthetic appreciation.

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