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期刊杂志

    美国“国家纪念景观”简介及其启示

    关键词:风景园林;国家纪念景观;国家公园管理局;体系;启示

    Key words:landscape architecture; National Memorials; National Park Service; system; inspiration

    摘要:在纪念性景观的所有分类中,国家级的纪念性景观具有极高的政治和文化价值,颇受到重视。美国的“国家纪念景观”是指一种指定的区域,用于纪念历史人物或事件,由美国国会指定和授权。现有的美国30多个“国家纪念景观”形成一个纪念体系,由美国国家公园管理局统一管理,受到相关法律法规的保护。美国的“国家纪念景观”的设立及管理对中国的国家级纪念性景观建设有许多值得借鉴的地方。在我国建立“国家纪念景观”体系十分迫切和必要。

    Abstract:National memorial is an important type of memorial with important political and cultural value, and has always been valued. The National Memorials in the USA is a unique concept, a designation from the American Congress for a protected area that memorializes a historic person or event. There are more than 30 "National Memorials" that form a memorial system, managed by the National Park Service in a unified way, and are protected by relevant laws and regulations. The establishment and management of National Memorials in the USA have many places worth to learn. It is urgent and necessary to establish the system of the National Memorials in China.

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