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    城市公园延长开放适宜性的评价研究——以上海市公园为例

    关键词:风景园林;城市公园;延长开放;评价;层次分析法

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban park; extending the opening period; evaluation; AHP

    摘要:面对公众日益增加的夜间休闲游憩需求,评价城市公园延长开放的适宜性具有重要的意义。采用层次分析法,从公园自身属性特征、公园开放基本条件、公园开放保障条件3个方面,选取19个指标,构建了城市公园延长开放适宜性评价体系,并对上海典型公园的延长开放适宜性进行评价。结果表明:上海城市公园的延长开放适宜性总体上较为适宜,社区公园的适宜性高于综合公园,居住区内公园的适宜性高于商住混合区内的公园。公园内部空间的安全性和夜间保障设施的完善性对延长开放的影响最大,充分体现了公园日间开放和夜间开放的差异性;同时健全公园管理体制和增加人员经费对延长开放起保障作用。

    Abstract:With the growth of public demand for recreation, it is significant to evaluate suitability of extending the opening period of urban parks. In this study, by reviewing references and consulting experts, 19 indicators were chosen to make an evaluation system to assess the suitability of extending the opening period for urban parks, which can be classified into three groups, including the property characteristics of urban parks, the basic conditions of urban parks, and the security conditions of urban parks for extending the opening period. The AHP method was applied to calculate the weight of indicators, and typical parks of Shanghai were assessed. The results showed that: most of Shanghai urban parks were suitable to extending the opening period, and community parks were more suitable than comprehensive parks, suitability of parks in residential area was greater than that of parks in commercial and residential mixed area. Safety of interior space and infrastructure for night have the most effects on the suitability, fully implying the differences between park opening at day and at night. Moreover, improving park's management system and increasing personnel expenses played an important role in extending the opening period of urban parks.

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