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    中国文化线路的现状、特征及发展对策研究

    关键词:风景园林;文化线路;现状;特征;发展对策

    Key words:landscape architecture; cultural route; status; feature; development strategy

    摘要:文化线路是中国文化遗产中内容最为繁杂、规模最为巨大的类型,它不仅体现了人类和自然的互动,更为重要的是反映了不同区域人群的冲突、交流和合作。首先以现有文献为数据库,提取了典型的中国文化线路进行分析,发现中国文化线路持续时间长,空间跨度大,其历史职能多以交通和贸易为主。基于上述分析,提出中国文化线路的发展对策,即进行系统调查和细分研究、重视遥感监测技术的应用、强化遗产管理的公众参与、建立综合协调的管理体制、鼓励进行跨国联合申遗。

    Abstract:Cultural route is one of the most diversified and the largest heritage types in China, which not only reflects the interaction between human and natural environment, but also bears witness to the history of conflict, communication and cooperation of different regions along the route. This study extracts typical Chinese cultural routes from current literatures. Results indicate that: 1) most of Chinese cultural routes have formed early and have a long history; 2) most of Chinese cultural routes, covering a long distance, concentrated in the western part of China, especially in the second ladder and transitional zones between ladders of China's terrain; 3) transport and trade are the most important functions for Chinese cultural routes. In the end, this study puts forward development strategies for Chinese cultural routes from the following aspects, namely conducting systematic investigations and detailed studies; paying more attention to the application of remote sensing monitoring techniques; enhancing public participation in heritage management; building a comprehensive coordination mechanism; and pursuing more chances for transboundary or transnational serial nomination.

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