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    苔藓植物的园林造景应用

    关键词:风景园林;苔藓植物;植物配置;园林造景

    Key words:landscape architecture; moss; plant configuration; garden landscaping

    摘要:苔藓植物是植物世界的“小矮人”,却具有重要的园林应用价值。它质地如绒、四季常绿,除在自然园林中点缀应用外,既可大面积种植成景,也可制作盆景或微景观,同时种类丰富,适应性强,仅需有限的立地条件即可生长,特别在阴生环境中的种植更具有得天独厚的优势。2015年开始在西湖景区进行苔藓植物的种植推广,包括地被应用、花境及小品布置和微景观制作,通过养护管理,不但有效地解决了林下裸露问题,更对丰富园林植物群落和园林景观、提高园林绿地生物多样性具有重要意义。

    Abstract:Moss is always considered as "dwarf" in the plant world, but is truly valuable in gardening. It is evergreen and soft like velvet, and can be used to intersperse the natural gardens. Besides, it can also be planted to cover large areas or to make bonsai and microlandschaft. There are many kinds of moss. It adapts the nature well and could grow in limited ground conditions, especially having the advantages to survive in the shade. In 2015, the authors started to plant moss in the scenic spots of West Lake. It was used as groundcover or in flower borders and landscaping elements, and also to make microlandschaft. With good maintenance management, the usage of moss not only can effectively address forest bare ground issues, but is also important to enrich the biodiversity and landscape of garden plant community.

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