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    儿童家庭对城郊休闲农业园游憩活动偏好——以北京市海淀区农业园为例

    关键词:风景园林;儿童家庭;城郊休闲农业园;游憩活动;景观偏好;海淀区

    Key words:landscape architecture; child family; agricultural parks in peri-urban area; recreational activities; scenario research; Haidian District

    摘要:研究表明,城市化越发达的国家和地区,儿童接触自然的机会越少。大城市近郊农业园具有独特的交通和地域优势,非常适合作为儿童接触自然、锻炼身体和培养社交能力的场所,然而目前针对农业园儿童游憩景观设计方面的研究较少。通过对193位儿童家长进行问卷调查发现:家长高度肯定农业园活动对儿童成长的意义,并认为目前农业园普遍缺乏对于农业教育内涵的深入挖掘;儿童家庭对海淀区农业园活动的参与度不高,农业园景观吸引力和综合服务设施水平是影响未来参与意愿的关键;除果园采摘外,农业园里提供最多的“专类户外娱乐”活动并不是家长最热衷的,他们更喜欢参与性高、趣味性强并深具农业教育体验内涵的“传统农业休闲”和“创意农业体验”类活动。

    Abstract:The more urbanized the countries and regions are, the less the children have access to nature. Agricultural landscape is the closest to the natural landscape than other artificial landscapes. Suburban agricultural park is suitable for children to get close to nature, exercise and communicate with others since it is adjacent to the city. However, studies were lacking on agricultural parks from the children user perspective. This paper collected preference on scenario planning from 193 parents, and the conclusions were as follows: parents spoke highly of agricultural parks. Literally being important, however, their influence on children was not considered so far; the participation rate in agricultural activities in Haidian Districts was relatively low; the current traditional and basic leisure functions can meet parents' requirement, such as fruit picking and walking; agricultural parks provide specialized outdoor activities but they were not the first choice for parents. Families preferred the traditional agricultural and creative experiential activities, which were more participatory interesting and beneficial to children.

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