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    照片、动画媒介在城市植物视觉景观评估中的替代效应研究

    关键词:风景园林;城市植物景观;视觉景观评估;景观感知;动画

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban plant landscape; visual landscape assessment; landscape perception; animation

    摘要:植物视觉景观评估研究中,常以照片为媒介给评估者进行评价。随着数字影像技术的发展,动画模拟在众多领域得以应用。通过研究比较照片与动画媒介作为城市植物景观实景评估的替代效应差异。在城市中挑选5处能代表当地城市植物景观的实景样地构成实景组,同时制作实景照片与动画。选择384名当地高校本科生分为3组分别对城市植物景观的实景、照片和动画依照22个景观感知属性进行评估。以实景组的数据为参照,将照片组与动画组的数据分别与实景数据进行统计分析。在感知属性范畴内发现动画媒介对实景评估的替代效应在安全感、神秘性、层次感和新奇感方面具有明显优势,照片媒介在亮度、空间通透、自然度和植物覆盖度方面有较好的替代效应,动画和照片作为媒介在熟悉感、尺度感、植物种类和空间连续方面对实景评估的替代效应相当;在对城市植物视觉景观总体评估方面,动画相比照片的替代效应更好。该研究为今后植物景观感知领域研究方法的选择提供了参考。

    Abstract:In the research of plant visual landscape assessment, the photograph is usually used as a medium for the evaluation. With the development of digital image technology, animation simulation is applied in many fields. This paper studies the difference between the media of photograph and the animation as the substitution effect of city plant landscape assessment. The five outdoor scenes selected in the city that can be on behalf of the local urban plant landscape constitutes to an outdoor scene group, making the photograph and animation at the same time. 384 local undergraduate students were divided into three groups to evaluate urban plant landscape of the outdoor scenes, photographs and animations independently by 22 landscape perception attributions. The outdoor scenes group data was formed as a reference, and the photograph group and animation group data was statistically analyzed respectively with reference. The result shows that animation media has an obvious advantage on the substitution with safety, mystery, layering and novelty feeling. But the photograph has a better substitution effect on the brightness, space permeability, natural feeling, and plant coverage perception attribution. The animation and photograph as a medium has a similar substitution effect on the familiarity, scale, plant species, spatial continuity perception attribution. The animation has a better substitution effect on the overall assessment of the visual landscape of the city than the photograph. It provides a good reference for the further research of urban plant visual landscape perception.

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