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    风景区居民社区规划优化研究——以九寨沟为例

    关键词:风景园林;风景区;居民社区;规划政策;九寨沟

    Key words:landscape architecture; national park of China; residential community; planning policy; Jiuzhaigou Valley

    摘要:以往风景区规划针对居民社区问题往往采取搬迁或缩减规模的政策,其实施难度往往较大,也容易造成风景区价值完整性的破坏和居民社区潜在价值的遗失。基于九寨沟世界自然遗产地保护规划实践中的居民社区相关内容,分析居民社区面临的核心问题,探讨风景区规划中如何对居民社区专项规划进行优化。主要研究结论包括:应妥善处理风景区旅游发展带来的社区人口集聚问题;将居民社区价值纳入风景区整体价值体系,慎重考虑社区搬迁;多方利益相关者视角下的政策制定过程、政策实施对象的细化和社区居民内生力量的培育等。

    Abstract:Former planning of national parks of China often has the policies about relocation or reducing scale to deal with the local community issues. Proved to be difficult to implement, these polices may have negative effect on NPs' integral value and community's potential values conservation. Based on the relevant contents about local communities in the planning practices of Jiuzhaigou Valley World Heritage Site, the paper analyzed current problem of local communities and studies the optimization strategies for the community planning of NPs. Major achievements of the research include: dealing with the population aggregation in local communities caused by tourism industry development in NPs; Bringing the values of local community into integrate value system of NPs and cautiously considering community relocation; the multi-stakeholder perspective used to make decisions, the refinement of the policy objects, cultivating endogenous forces of the local communities and so on.

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