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    基于生态系统服务的保护地分类体系构建

    关键词:风景园林;保护地;国家公园;分类体系;生物多样性;生态系统服务

    Key words:landscape architecture; protected area; national park; category system; biodiversity; ecosystem service

    摘要:通过分析保护地的定义、内涵与体系,从保护目标设定着手,基于生态系统服务对保护地进行了分类,提出了新保护地分类体系的构建方案。依据生态系统服务,可将保护地划分为5类:I类——综合生态系统服务保护地;II类——生态系统支持服务保护地;III类——生态系统文化服务保护地;IV类——生态系统调节服务保护地;V类——生态系统供给服务可持续利用保护地。国家公园的类型为综合生态系统服务保护地,定位是国家旗舰保护地,旨在保护各国乃至全球最精华的生物多样性及其所产生的综合生态系统服务,尤其是与国家象征和民族自豪感相关的文化服务。

    Abstract:Definition, connotation and system of protected areas were analyzed. New category system was proposed based on ecosystem services as protection objectives. According to the type of ecosystem service, 5 categories of protected areas were set: I. Integrated Ecosystem Services Protected Area; II. Supporting Services Dominant Protected Area; III. Cultural Service Dominant Protected Area; IV. Regulating Service Dominant Protected Area; V. Protected Area with Sustainable Provisioning Services. National park was categorized as Integrated Ecosystem Services Protected Area, positioning national flagship protected area. It aims at the conservation of the most essential biodiversity and associated integrated ecosystem services at national or global scales, particularly cultural services attaching with national symbol and pride.

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