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    基于GPS/GIS技术的公园游客空间分布差异性研究——以上海市共青森林公园为例

    关键词:风景园林;GPS/GIS技术;森林公园;游憩行为;空间分布;上海

    Key words:landscape architecture; GPS/GIS technology; forest park; recreation behavior; spatial distribution; Shanghai

    摘要:适应居民的游憩需求及其行为特点是提高公园管理水平的关键措施,也是提高居民幸福感的重要组成部分。利用GPS所具有的行为连续跟踪、可定点定时等技术优点,结合问卷信息采集,以共青森林公园为例开展游憩行为差异性实证研究,发现公园游人空间分布的年龄群体差异性。游人空间分布具有群体集聚性、等级性特征;影响群体游客空间分布的因素是多方面的,1级节点主要受与主要出入口距离的影响,2级节点主要受大中型设施的影响,3级节点主要受自然环境因素的影响。3类群体游客对公园的使用也各自形成3级节点体系,且与公园整体使用情况有所不同。不同年龄群体在公园游憩的行为有共性也有差异性。

    Abstract:It is a key counter measure for management of urban parks to meet the demand of park recreationists and their recreation behavior characters, and it is also an important part of citizen wellness. GPS has advantage features for continuing tracking behavior and accurate site and time with questionnaire information collection. The authors took a study of three groups of recreationists - elderly recreationists, youth recreationists, and family recreationists in the park by using GPS and GIS technology in the summer from June to October of 2015. According to the denseness of visitors in different areas of the park, the park can be divided into level 1, 2, 3 using nodes, aggregation degree reducing in turn; the leading factor of using nodes at three levels is different. Level 1 using nodes are mainly affected by the distance from the main entrances and large irritating, entertaining, recreational facilities and areas; level 2 using nodes are subject to small and medium-sized service facilities and places; and level 3 using nodes are mainly affected bynatural environment. The three groups also have their own level 1, 2, 3 using nodes system different from the use of all the recreationists to the park. The spatial distribution of different recreation groups in the park are different in Gongqing Forest Park of Shanghai.

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