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    基于景观偏好研究的城市公园草本设计建议

    关键词:风景园林;景观偏好;野生草本;图片模拟;量化评价;审美

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape preference; wild herbaceous plants; photomontage simulation; quantitative evaluation; aesthetics

    摘要:野生草本已被证明具有多维生态效益,但其在公园等环境中的运用却不能忽视人的审美感受。为探索如何合理利用野生草本,以景观偏好研究为基础,利用照片模拟将场所类型及植栽要素组合融入景观偏好分析进行问卷调研,并基于研究结论给出设计建议。研究发现大众对野生草本的运用大多乐见其成,但也有少量顾虑;不同场所及种植设计方式都极大影响着野生草本的景观偏好。建议强化动态活动场所的野生草本种植,引入开花物种并密植,采用多物种组合以实现生态效益最大化,控制花期后野生草本高度在30cm以下,并加大青少年自然教育力度等。

    Abstract:Wild herbaceous plants have been increasingly recognized to have multifaceted ecological functions. However, their applications in urban parks and other places cannot ignore people's aesthetic concerns and experiences. To explore appropriate design of wild herbaceous plants, this paper incorporates different contextual circumstances and design variables in landscape preference research through photomontage simulations, and gives some design suggestions based on the research conclusions. The study demonstrates that the public mostly welcome wild herbaceous plants in parks with a few concerns, and contextual circumstances plus design variances greatly impact the public's preference. A series of application suggestions including: 1) wild herbaceous plants can be freely introduced into dynamic places; 2) flowery species planted densely is a better choice; 3) more species can be combined to achieve multifunctional landscapes; 4) the height of wild herbaceous plants should better be kept under 30cm after flowering seasons; 5) natural education particularly for children should be enhanced.

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