引用本文:[点击复制]
[点击复制]
【打印本页】 【在线阅读全文】【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 1411次   下载 261 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
国际荒野地保护实践评析:基于荒野 制图、系统性与连通性的视角
曹越,杨锐*
0
()
摘要:
在生物多样性丧失和气候变化的双重背景下,荒野 地保护实践变得越来越重要。从荒野制图、系统性与连通性 3个视角切入,评析国际荒野地保护实践。包括:1)以苏格 兰为例,评析基于荒野制图的荒野地保护实践,指出荒野地 图是开展荒野地保护实践的基础,并需要将地图与政策紧密 结合;2)以美国国家荒野保护体系(National Wilderness Preservation System)和欧洲荒野网络(European Wilderness Network)为例,评析荒野地的系统性保护实 践,指出只有建立系统性的荒野地保护机制,才能确保荒野 地保护的有效性和长久性;3)以北美野地网络(Wildlands Network)为例,评析荒野地的连通性保护实践,指出在景 观破碎化的区域中,荒野地连通性保护对于维持生态过程具 有重要意义。在荒野地保护实践中,荒野制图、系统性保护 和连通性保护是3个重要的视角,对中国国土空间规划、国家 公园与自然保护地体系建设、生态网络构建等生态实践具有 启发意义。
关键词:  风景园林  生态实践  荒野地  国家公园  自然 保护地  空间规划
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on the International WildernessConservation Practices: From the Perspectivesof Wilderness Mapping, Systematic Conservationand Connectivity Conservation
CAO Yue,YANG Rui
()
Abstract:
In the background of biodiversity loss and climate change, wilderness conservation is becoming increasingly important. This paper analyzes the international wilderness conservation practices from three perspectives including wilderness mapping, systematic conservation and connectivity conservation. The research includes: 1) Taking Scotland as an example, this paper analyzes the wilderness conservation practice which is based on wilderness mapping, pointing out that the wilderness map is the basis of wilderness conservation, and it is necessary to closely integrate maps and policies; 2) Taking the US National Wilderness Preservation System and European Wilderness Network as examples, this paper analyzes the systematic wilderness conservation, and points out that only by establishing a system of wilderness conservation mechanisms can wilderness areas be effectively and permanently protected; 3) Taking the North American Wildlands Network as an example, this paper analyzes the connectivity conservation of wilderness areas, pointing out the importance of connectivity conservation to maintaining the ecological process in the context of landscape fragmentation. In summary, wilderness mapping, systematic conservation, and connectivity conservation are three important perspectives in wilderness conservation practices, which have important implications for China's ecological practices including spatial planning, national parks and protected areas, and ecological networks.
Key words:  landscape architecture  ecological practice  wilderness area  national park  protected area  spatial planning

京公网安备 11010802028240号

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫