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晚清出洋游记中的西方园林意象
张昪,赵纪军*
0
()
摘要:
:近代时期亲历西方园林的国人最早可追溯至晚清时 期“开眼看世界”的出洋群体。其旅外游记所记载的对于西方 园林的观察与思考,既是深入了解中国近代造园思想启蒙的先 导性史料,也是系统回溯和客观评价近代西方影响下的本土造 园理论与实践发展历程的重要参照。当前对中国近代园林的研 究多关注“西风东渐”背景下的被动传入过程,较少关注中国 向西方的主动学习过程。通过综合考察与分析晚清出洋游记文 本,析缕其中的西方园林意象及评述体悟,探讨其成因与影 响,以期弥补对早期国人亲历西方园林、主动探索受纳这一开 端历程研究的不足,并为考察西方园林对于中国园林近代化转 型的渐进影响提供更近源头的历史参考。
关键词:  风景园林  晚清  出洋游记  西方园林  意象
DOI:
基金项目:
Study on the Construction Method of Scenic Environment System of Zhenwu Temple in Hejin
ZHANG Bian,ZHAO Jijun
()
Abstract:
: In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the parks in the Western countries impressed the Chinese travelers who wanted to "open eyes to the world". The close observation of Western parks noted in their travel notes are valuable historical materials for an in-depth understanding of the garden making concepts in modern China. It is also an important reference to systematically review and objectively evaluate the development of local practice and theory under the influence of the West. At the same time, current research on the transformation of Chinese gardens in the nineteenth century has paid more attention to the process of "passive" acceptance of what was imported in the context of "the spread of Western influences to China" than to the "active" process of learning from the West. Based on the analysis of these travel notes with the writers' traditional background, this research investigates the park and garden images and relative thoughts and tries to explore their causes and effects, in order to make up for recent research gap and provide more historical reference for the investigation of the modernization process of Chinese gardens.
Key words:  : landscape architecture  late Qing Dynasty  overseas travel notes  parks and gardens in the West  image

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